Stitch Length – The length of your stitch. Think of it as a dashed line. The size of each dash. #stitchlength
That is the individual stitch. You can do a tight small stitch or a long stitch.
Your sewing machine has a setting so you can adjust the length.
Changing the stitch length adjusts the feed dogs, which controls how much fabric is pulled through with each stitch. For a shorter length, less fabric is pulled through. For a longer stitch, more fabric is pulled through. (threadistry.com)
3.0 means each stitch is 3 millimeters long (or just under 1/8″). Stitch lengths typically range from 0 to 5, but can be up to 7, depending on the machine. The same applies to 5.0, making it 5 millimeters. Yes! It uses metrics.
In graphic design, I have found that millimeters can help get more precise than inches.
In older sewing machines, they dial will read 4-60, meaning stitches per inch. The bigger the number, the smaller the stitch.
Conversion formulas …
stitches per inch = 25.4 ÷ stitch length (in mm)
stitch length (in mm) = 25.4 ÷ stitches per inch
A shorter stitch is harder to remove and could shred the fabric.
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