Quilting · Sewing · Terminology

47 Sewing & Quilting Terms

47 Sewing & Quilting Terms – Steve is now 47 and wanted to share forty-seven terminology words about sewing and quilting.

47 Sewing & Quilting Terms

47 Sewing & Quilting Terms

Here is the list of 47 sewing and quilting terms:

  1. Seam: The line of stitching that joins two pieces of fabric together.
  2. Hem: The finished edge of a garment or fabric that is turned under and sewn.
  3. Bias: The diagonal direction of woven fabric, which is often used to add flexibility and drape to a garment.
  4. Interfacing: A material that is used to stiffen and reinforce areas of a garment, such as collars or cuffs.
  1. Bobbin: The small spool that holds the lower thread in a sewing machine.
  2. Thread: The thin, flexible material used to sew fabric together.
  3. Needle: The pointed tool that carries the thread through the fabric in a sewing machine.
  4. Seam allowance: The extra space between the edge of the fabric and the seam line that allows for the stitching to be hidden inside the garment.
  5. Piping: A decorative trim made of fabric-covered cord that is inserted into a seam.
  6. Basting: A temporary stitch used to hold fabric in place before final sewing.
  7. Appliqué: A decorative technique in which fabric shapes are sewn onto a base fabric.
  8. Bias tape: A strip of fabric cut on the bias that is used to finish edges or make bindings.
  9. Fray: The unraveling of the fabric’s edge due to wear or improper handling.
  10. Fusible interfacing: Interfacing that can be bonded to fabric with heat and pressure.
  11. Gathering: A technique used to create fullness in fabric by sewing a series of small, even stitches.
  12. Lining: A separate layer of fabric sewn inside a garment to hide seams and add structure.
  13. Notions: Small, functional items used in sewing, such as buttons, zippers, and elastic.
  14. Presser foot: The attachment on a sewing machine that holds the fabric in place during stitching.
  15. Quilting: The process of sewing together multiple layers of fabric to create a padded, decorative blanket or garment.
  16. Rotary cutter: A tool used to cut fabric with a circular blade.
  17. Seam ripper: A small tool used to remove stitches.
  18. Selvage: The finished edge of the fabric that runs parallel to the lengthwise grain.
  19. Serger: A type of sewing machine that trims and finishes the edge of fabric in one step.
  20. Stitch length: The distance between individual stitches on a sewing machine.
  21. Topstitching: Decorative stitching done on the outside of a garment or along a seam.
  22. Tracing paper: A translucent paper used to transfer patterns or markings onto fabric.
  23. Understitching: A technique used to help a facing or lining lay flat by stitching it to the seam allowance.
  24. Woven fabric: Fabric made by weaving threads together in a specific pattern.
  25. Yoke: A shaped piece of fabric that is attached to a garment, typically at the neck or shoulders.
  26. Zippers: Fasteners made of interlocking teeth that are inserted into a slit in fabric.
  27. Batting: The layer of insulation between the top and bottom layers of a quilt.
  28. Block: A unit of fabric used in quilting that is typically a square or rectangle.
  29. Chain piecing: A technique in which multiple pieces of fabric are sewn together in a continuous chain.
  30. Cutting mat: A self-healing mat used for cutting fabric with a rotary cutter.
  31. Fat quarter: A quarter yard of fabric that is cut in a specific way to maximize its usability in quilting.
  32. Grain: The direction of the threads in a woven fabric.
  1. Hand quilting: The process of quilting by stitching through all three layers of fabric by hand.
  2. Longarm quilting: The process of quilting by using a longarm quilting machine.
  3. Mitered corner: A corner that is folded and sewn at a 45-degree angle to create a neat and finished look.
  4. Muslin: A plain woven fabric often used for making samples or toiles.
  5. Patchwork: A technique of sewing small pieces of fabric together to create a larger design or pattern.
  6. Pinking shears: Scissors with serrated blades used to cut fabric and prevent fraying.
  7. Quilt top: The top layer of a quilt, made up of individual blocks or a single piece of fabric.
  8. Seam ripper: A small tool used to remove stitches.
  9. Tension: The tightness of the thread as it passes through the sewing machine.
  10. Toile: A mock-up or prototype of a garment made from a cheaper fabric to test the fit and design before cutting into expensive fabric.
  11. Walking foot: An attachment for a sewing machine that helps feed multiple layers of fabric evenly through the machine.

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